Goat farming is one of the most rewarding animal rearing business anyone can engage in anywhere in the world. Goat meats are widely accepted and consumed around the globe, while the milk is also gaining in popularity and is being sold in supermarkets across the United States, Europe, and Asia and represent the bulk of the liquid milk market.
The meat is believed to be the best animal meat available anywhere in the market for good reasons. Not only does the meat taste great, but it is also lower in fat than chicken but contains higher protein than beef, that makes it better than chicken and beef.
Goat meat has a unique taste that is very difficult to describe but very appealing to the taste bud. There are other products that can be derived from Goat milk such as cheese, yogurt, ice cream, and butter. Anything that cow milk can offer, goat milk can also offer.
Goat farming is a big and profitable business anywhere in the world. In this article, I will explain how you can start goat farming on a small scale and grow to any size you want within a couple of years in any part of the world.
Starting Goat Farming Business in India.
If you want to be self-employed or want to earn some extras with your regular income, then commercial goat farming business can be perfect for you. Get necessary training first form your nearest livestock farming training centers or any experienced goat farmer and then follow the step by step guide I have included here.
Step 1 – Select a suitable farm location.
Selecting a suitable land for your farm is very important. While selecting land for starting goat farming in India, remember to acquire a good grazing ground that grows plenty of grass verities. Goats are relatively clean animals.
Goats eat a wide variety of plants that are nutritious to them. They are foragers of weeds and leaves and could eat different types of the plant at a different season and even days. However, production animals feed on grass, silage, hay, and grain just like cattle. Look for where land is cheap and acquire some acres depending on the number of animals you want to keep.
Step 2 – Provide good housing and fence it.
Generally, small scale farmers keep their goats with other livestock animals like cattle or sheep. Always keep the house or shelter clean and use fresh hay or straw for bedding.
Don’t keep your goats in airtight buildings. For the desired growth and good health, you have to ensure proper ventilation system and flow of sufficient air and daylight in the house.
Step 3 – Buy high-quality goat breeds.
Buying high-quality healthy goat breeds for your farming business is one of the most important things. After determining which products you are going to produce, buy high quality, fresh and healthy goats. Jamnapari, Beetal, Barbari, Sirohi, Kanni and Black Bengal goats are very suitable for farming according to the weather of India.
There is a large number of goat breeds suitable for different purposes of rearing. Some are very good for milk production, some are good for the meat, others are preferable for the fiber. You need to go for the one that is most popular in your locality, they could be an important reason why farmers prefer certain species in your environment.
Step 4 – Feed them quality and nutritious food.
By feeding your goats high quality, fresh and nutritious food regularly, you can desire maximum production from your business. Always try to feed your goats fresh and nutritious food. Most successful commercial goat breeders feed their goats 12%-18% protein containing feed.
If you can make a good pasture and browsing place for your goats, then you can give them less grain. Always provide hay or green food in abundant supply. Add necessary nutrients elements like vitamins, minerals, salt etc. And always serve them a sufficient amount of fresh and clean water according to their demand.
Along with providing good housing, food etc. your goats also need some special care and management for continuous maximum and profitable income.
Make sure to vaccinate your goats timely. Never let them go outside the farm area. Always feed them fresh food. Try to avoid used or contaminated food. Take special care to the breeding bucks and does. Keep bucks and does separate from each other. Take special care to the kids for a few months.