From the Lotus Temple to the palace of Mysore, the historical monuments in India paint a fascinating picture of this country’s incredible past. Whether you’re interested in its ancient past, its magnificent dynasties or its more modern story, the historical monuments in India offer a tangible link to times gone by and a way to immerse oneself in the history.
India is rich in culture, traditions, heritage buildings, temples, forts, and palaces. India has a history of thousands of years, which gives it a lot of historical sites for the eyes to see. We’ve put together an experts guide to Indian cultural landmarks and monuments with our top ten historical monuments to see in 2019.
1. Taj Mahal, Agra.
The Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and is considered to be the most popular tourist attraction in India. A symbol of love, the Taj was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan for his queen Mumtaz. Tagore described the Taj as an eardrop on the cheek of eternity. The monument attracts a lot of tourists all around the year. It is one of the most important Indian monument ever built.
2. India Gate, Delhi.
The All India War Memorial, popularly known as the India Gate, is a war memorial located in New Delhi. It is dedicated to the 82,000 soldiers, both Indian and British, who died during the First World War and the Third Anglo-Afghan War. The Amar Jawan Jyoti is the burning structure, right underneath the archway, which symbolizes the eternal, immortal soldiers of India.
3. City Palace, Udaipur.
One of the best architectural marvels in the state of Rajasthan, the City Palace in Udaipur is located on the banks of Lake Pichola. The grand white City Palace is a heritage building, almost like a fairy-tale, and it showcases the best elements of Rajput Culture and arts.
4. Konark Sun Temple, Odisha.
Dedicated to Lord Surya, this 13th-century temple is an architectural marvel and the quintessential example of Oriyan form of architecture. It is believed that the temple was constructed by King Narasimhadeva I of Eastern Ganga Dynasty. The shape of the temple is of a massive chariot with sumptuously engraved stone wheels, pillars, and walls. The temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
5. Hawa Mahal, Jaipur.
The massive edifice of Hawa Mahal stands at the intersection of the main road in Jaipur, Badi Chaupad. It is regarded as the signature building of the city and was built by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh in the year 1799. Hawa Mahal is built in the Rajput architectural style and is constructed of red and pink sandstone. The Palace has a pyramidal structure which almost resembles a crown, and is embellished with myriad tiny windows.
6. Lotus Temple, New Delhi.
Located in the national capital of New Delhi, the Lotus Temple is an edifice dedicated to the Baha’i faith. The magnificent structure of this building unfolds in the form of a stupendous white petal lotus and is one of the most visited establishments in the world. The design of this shrine was conceptualized by Canadian architect Fariborz Sahba and was completed in the year 1986. This temple seeks to propagate the oneness of the Almighty and is open to all regardless of their nationality, religion, race or gender.
7. Mysore Palace, Mysore.
An incredibly breathtaking example of Indo – Saracenic style of architecture, the Mysore Palace is a magnificent edifice located in Mysore in the state of Karnataka. Also known as the Amba Vilas Palace, it is the former palace of the royal family of Mysore and is still their official residence. Referred to as the ‘City of Palaces’, Mysore houses seven other places, but none come close to awe-inspiring grandeur of this palace. In 2007, it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
8. Qutub Minar, New Delhi.
The soaring and brave tower that allures tourists despite being destroyed by ravages of natural apocalypses several times, Qutub Minar is the tallest individual tower in the world and second tallest monument of Delhi. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, it is located in Mehrauli and its construction was started in 1192 by Qutb Ud-Din-Aibak, founder of Delhi Sultanate.
9. Agra Fort, Agra.
Also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge or Red Fort of Agra, the Agra Fort is a massive fortification located on the right bank of the river Yamuna in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, at a mere distance of 2.5 kilometers from the world famous Taj Mahal. Encompassing an entire city within its walls, this imposing structure was built in the year 1573 by Mughal supremo Akbar himself. Agra Fort was the main residence of the Mughal up to the year 1638 when the capital was shifted from Agra to New Delhi. Owing to its historic importance and bedazzling construction, the Agra Fort has also been listed as a UNESCO world heritage site.
10. Howrah Bridge, Kolkata.
The iconic landmark of Kolkata, Howrah Bridge is a massive steel structure which is considered as one of the longest cantilever bridges of its type in the world. Also called as Rabindra Setu, it extends across the Hooghly River and connects Howrah and Kolkata. It is also regarded as one of the busiest ones among them as it carries daily traffic of over 100,000 vehicles and countless pedestrians. The view of the city from a ferry, especially in the night, is priceless, to say the least.